FROM THE JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, VOL. 128:1253-1256, 1998

Experiment Station Dietary Studies Prior to World War II:  A Bibliography for the Study of  Changing American Food Habits and Diet Over Time

Robert Dirks, Anthropology Program, Illinois State University Normal, IL 61790
Nancy Duran, Milner Library, Illinois State University, Normal, IL 61790

 

Women employed as wipers in the roundhouse having lunch in their rest room, C. & N.W. R.R., Clinton, Iowa (Prints and Photographs Div., Library of U.S. Congress)

ABSTRACT

Dietaries reported by previous generations of researchers, originally collected to advance the science of human nutrition, now have considerable value as primary historical documents. USDA Experiment Station reports and bulletins represent the single largest collection of such documents. Our annotated bibliography of Experiment Station studies is meant to facilitate their use in historical and other diachronic studies of American food habits and diet.

Woods, C. D. (1891) A study of dietaries. In: Conneticut Storrs Station Report for 1891.pp. 90-106. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC [30-day records or a chemist's household and a boarding house].

Woods, C. D. (1892) A study of actual dietaries. In: Conneticut Storrs Station Report for 1892. pp. 135- 162. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [one month's data for six craftsmen's households].

Gibson, H. B. & Woods, C. D. (1893) Studies of dietaries. In: Conneticut Storrs Station Report for 1893. pp. 174-197. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [summer and winter dietaries for an agriculturalist's household; also studies of a mason's family, a carpenter's family, and a college students' boarding club].

Atwater, W. O. & Woods, C. D. (1894) Studies of dietaries. In: Storrs Station Report for 1894, pp. 174- 204. Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station, Storrs, CT. [eight diets for various groups -- e.g., a widow's family, a Swedish family, a college club].

Atwater, W. O. & Woods, C. D. (1895) Food investigations and publications. Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 15. Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station, Storrs, CT. [reviews recent food and diet studies].

Atwater, W. O. & Woods, C. D. (1895) Studies of dietaries. In: Storrs Station Report for 1895, pp. 129- 174. Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station, Storrs, CT. [eleven studies of various subjects, including an infant, a chemist's household, and several farm families].

Atwater, W. O. & Bryant, A. P. (1896) Studies of dietaries. In: Storrs Station Report for 1896, pp. 117-158. Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station, Storrs, CT. [nine additions to the Storrs series, including Hartford families, farm families, a man being treated for consumption, and a camping party in Maine; table categorizes and aggregates data for 41 studies in the series by occupation].

Gibson, H. B., Calvert, S. & May, D. W. (1896) Dietary studies at the University of Missouri in 1895, and data relating to bread and meat consumption in Missouri. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 31. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [two investigations of student's clubs; includes data on household bread and meat consumption based on student recall; comments compare Missouri student dietaries with data for Tennessee and Connecticut].

Stone, W. E. (1896) Dietary studies at Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind., in 1895. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 32. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [records for the households of a teacher and a tinner; comments compare mechanic's dietaries in Connecticut, Tennessee, and Indiana and the dietaries of professional men's families in Connecticut, Pennsylvania, and Illinois].

Voorhees, E. B. (1896) Food and nutrition investigations in New Jersey in 1895 and 1896. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 35. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [information on food consumption and costs for a well-paid mechanic's household in New Brunswick].

Wait, C. E. (1896) Dietary studies at the University of Tennessee in 1895. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 29. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [results of work with a students' boarding club and a "typical mechanic's family" in the Knoxville area; comments compare findings to data for students and mechanics elsewhere].

Atwater, W. O. & Woods, C. D. (1897) Dietary studies with reference to the food of the Negro in Alabama in 1895 and 1896. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 38. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [research on 18 families in the vicinity of Tuskegee; describes material and social conditions and food-related practices and beliefs].

Goss, A. (1897) Dietary studies in New Mexico in 1895. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 40. Government Printing Office Washington, DC. [food consumption in three "Mexican" households, one of "moderate circumstances" in Las Cruces, and two in "very poor" rural situations].

Jordan, W. H. (1897) Dietary studies at the Maine State College in 1895. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 37. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [concerns a college boarding club presented with ordinary and experimental meals].

Atwater, W. O. & Bryant, A. P. (1898) Dietary studies in Chicago in 1895 and 1896. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 55. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [focuses on poor immigrant households: Bohemian, French Canadian, Italian, and Russian Jewish; also offers data for the families of three Chicago professional men in "comfortable circumstances"].

Atwater, W. O. & Woods, C. D. (1898) Dietary studies in New York City in 1895 and 1896. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 46. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [data for 21 families, mostly poor East Side slum-dwellers, a sailors' boarding house, and a day nursery].

Bevier, I. (1898) Nutrition investigations in Pittsburg, PA., 1894-1896. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 52. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [six dietary studies of various family households, including industrial laborers'].

Goss, A. (1898) Nutrition investigations in New Mexico in 1897. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 54. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [further information about the diet of a poor Mexican family -- see 1897, Goss].

Wait, C. E. (1898) Nutrition investigations at the University of Tennessee in 1896 and 1897. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 53. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [dietary data for the families of two mechanics and two student clubs].

Atwater, W. O. & Milner, R. D. (1899) Studies of dietaries of college students and of members of families of professional men. pp. 124-149. In: Storrs Station Report for 1899. Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station, Storrs, CT. [nine investigations, including the Connecticut Hospital for the Insane and individual college students].

Bryant, A. P. (1899) Some results of dietary studies in the United States. In: Yearbook of the United States Department of Agriculture, 1898. pp. 439-452. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [reviews what human nutritionists know as a result of 200 empirical investigations].

Frissell, H. B. & Bevier, I. (1899) Dietary studies of Negroes in eastern Virginia in 1897 and 1898. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 71. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [data for nineteen households, mostly very poor tenant farm families].

Atwater, W. O. & Bryant, A. P. (1900) Dietary studies of university boat crews. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 75. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [seven studies of Harvard and Yale boat crews in training].

Grindley, H. S., Sammis, J. L., Ladd, E. F., Bevier, I. & Sprague, E.C. (1900) Nutrition investigations at the University of Illinois, North Dakota Agricultural College, and Lake Erie College, Ohio, 1896 to 1900. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 91. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [diets of a school teacher's household, railway workers' boarding club, and college women].

Jaffa, M. E. (1900) Nutrition investigations at the California Agricultural Experiment Station, 1896-1898. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 84. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [diets of a football team, a chemist's household, and three infants].

Shaw, G. W. (1900) A dietary study. Oregon Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 62, pp. 17-20. In: Miscellaneous Investigations. Oregon Agricultural Experiment Station, Corvallis, OR. [intake and cost of food for one Covallis family for one week].

Jaffa, M. E. (1901) Nutrition investigations among fruitarians and Chinese at the California Experiment Station, 1899-1901. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 107. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [study of one fruitarian household, a Chinese dentist's family, and boarding groups of Chinese laundrymen and truck farmers].

Atwater, W. O. & Bryant, A. P. (1902) Dietary studies in New York City in 1896 and 1897. USDA Office of Experiment Station Bulletin 116. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [diets of 36 poor families "living in the more congested districts" of the city].

Anon. (1902) Scope and results of the nutrition investigations of the Office of Experiment Stations. pp. 437-482. In: Annual Report of the Office of Experiment Stations for the Year ended June 30, 1901. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [summarizes work to date, including some information about state experiment station studies; lists Office of Experiment Stations publications about human nutrition].

Milner, R. D., Southard, L., Richards, E. H., Usher, S., Terrill, B. M. Shapleigh, A. (1903) Dietary studies in Boston and Springfield, Mass., Philadelphia, PA., and Chicago, Ill. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 129. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [two experimental studies at the Boston School of Housekeeping, a sixdaystudy of very low cost eating at Bible Normal College, and a study of low-income households, including blacks and recent European immigrants in both Philadelphia and Chicago].

Woods, C. D., & Mansfield, E. R. (1904) Studies of the food of Maine lumbermen. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 149. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [five winter-time camp dietaries; describes living conditions, work routine, cookery, and menus].

Mallinckrodt, E., Jr. (1905) Dietary studies with Harvard University students. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 152. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [individual diets of ten college males on an a la carte meal plan].

Langworthy, C. F. (1908) Food and diet in the United States. pp. 361-378. In: Yearbook of the United States Department of Agriculture, 1907. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [discusses methods and results of dietary studies; compares recent intake data for the United States with that of other countries; addresses variables currently known to influence nutritional needs].

Hills, J. L., Wait, C. E. & White, H. C. (1909) Dietary studies in rural regions in Vermont, Tennessee, and Georgia. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 221. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [data for 3 farm families in Vermont, 65 households in the mountains of eastern Tennessee, and an assortment of subjects in Georgia, including mountaineers].

Knight, H. L., Pratt, H. A. & Langworthy, C. F. (1910) Dietary studies in public institutions in Baltimore, Md. In: Dietary studies in public institutions. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 223. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [food consumption for city almshouse, aged men's and women's homes, aged German people's home, German orphan asylum, home for colored children].

Langworthy, C. F. (1910) Progress report of investigations in human nutrition in the United States, 1905- 1909. pp. 361-379. In: Annual Report of the Office of Experiment Stations for the Year Ended June 30, 1909. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [reviews dietary, cost-of-living, food, and food- related sociological studies for the period].

Smedley, E. & Milner, R. D. (1910) Dietary studies in public institutions in Philadelphia, Pa. Dietary studies in public institutions. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Bulletin 223. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [data from home for elderly women and orphan asylum].

Langworthy, C. F. (1911) Food customs and diet in American homes. USDA Office of Experiment Stations Circular 110. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [discusses food habits, how dietary studies are conducted, and the results of dietary intake studies to date].

Reynolds, E. A. (1911) The relation between dietary habits and health of children in rural sections of Virginia. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 250. Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, VA. [survey data for 900 children, white and Black, focusing on milk, fruit, and vegetable consumption, and condition of teeth].

Dickins, D. (1927) A study of food habits of people in two contrasting areas of Mississippi. Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 245. Agricultural College Agricultural, College, MS. [nutrition and physical condition of the residents of 100 rural households in two different soil areas].

Rankin, J. O. (1927) Cost of feeding the Nebraska farm family: a comparison of costs and standards of food consumption of owners, part-owners, and tenants. Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 219. University of Nebraska, College of Agriculture Experiment Station, Lincoln, NB. [cost-of-living and food consumption data for 342 farm households typical of four areas of the state].

Davies, E. S. (1928) The food consumption of rural school children in relation to their health. Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 241. Agricultural Experiment Station, Amherst, MA. [nutritional recall and medical and dental records for white children in the towns of Carver and Southwick; includes typical menus; compares diets of children having native-born parents with those having foreign-born parents].

Dickins, D. (1928) A nutrition investigation of negro tenants in the Yazoo Mississippi delta. Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 254. A & M College, A. & M. College, MS. [month-long food records for 80 households; describes living conditions, cookery, and foodways; includes weekly menus].

Brown, A. P. (1929) Food habits of Utah farm families. Utah Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 213. Utah State Agricultural College, Logan, UT. [consumption of home-furnished and purchased foods for 43 families for one year; data from homemakers' records].

Hawley, E. (1929) Nutritive value and cost of food served to college students. USDA Circular 89. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [reviews several studies, including unpublished works; compares diets planned by professionals with those planned by untrained personnel].

McKay, H. (1929) Food consumption of farm families. Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 433. Agricultural Experiment Station, Wooster, OH. [records for 47 households throughout the state listing foods purchased and produced for the year 1926].

McKittrick, E. J. (1929) Dietary studies of farm families in Albany and Lincoln Counties, Wyoming. Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 165. University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY. [two-wk summer and winter food-use records for 19 households].

Mathews, S. J. (1929) Food habits of Georgia rural people. Georgia Experiment Station Bulletin 159. Georgia State College of Agriculture, Experiment, GA. [diets and seasonal changes in both northern and southern sections of the state based on two-wk records for 100 households in each section].

Talbott, M. W. (1929) Food consumption and food expenditures in relation to standards of requirements and family income. Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 165. University of Idaho, Moscow, ID. [two-wk food records for 70 households, both summer and winter; pertain to "various communities"].

Williams, F. M. & Lockwood, J. E. (1929) An economic study of food consumed by farm and village families in central New York. Cornell Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 502. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. [diet and food costs for four-week period for 106 households; covers all four seasons].

Ahmann, C. F., Abbott, O. D. & Westover, G. (1930) A nutritional study of the white school children in five representative counties of Florida. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 216. University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Gainesville, FL. [two-day diet records and physical examinations; includes typical menus].

Frayser, M. E., & Moser, A. M. (1930) Diet of school children in relation to their health. South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 268. Clemson Agricultural College, Clemson, SC. [survey and medical data for 322 rural white children in a Piedmont county; attention to living conditions, social class, attitudes toward foods, typical menus].

Hill, R. C., Morgan, E. L., Campbell, M. V. & Johnson, O. R. (1930) Social, economic, and homemaking factors in farm living. Agricultural Experiment Station of the University of Missouri and the United States Department of Agriculture Cooperating. Research Bulletin 148. University of Missouri, Columbia, MO. [survey data concerning diet, social life, farm business, and homemaking practices collected from 70 households located in a central Missouri community].

Dickins, D. (1931) Food consumption of boys and girls in six typical agricultural high schools of Mississippi. Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 292. A. & M. College, Agricultural College, MS. [diet of 75 boarding school students from 15 to 19 years old; menus included].

Hoyt, E. E. (1931) Value of family living on Iowa farms. Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 281. Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Ames, IA. [cost of living based on accounts kept by 147 households for one year; lists quantities of foods consumed].

McKay, H. & Brown, M. A. (1931) Foods used by rural families in Ohio during a three-year period. Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 492. Agricultural Experiment Station, Wooster, OH. [examination of 133 household account books kept from 1926 through 1928; provides data on amounts and values of foods produced and purchased].

Muse, M. & Gillum, I. (1931) Food consumption of fifty Vermont farm households. Vermont Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 327. University of Vermont and State Agricultural College Burlington, VT. [data collected from detailed account books kept for 1 to 3 years by 50 homemakers in several different counties; compares Vermont data with those from other states].

Stiebeling, H. K. & Mumsell, H. E. (1932) Food supply and pellagra incidence in 73 South Carolina farm families. USDA Technical Bulletin 333. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [consumption data and the results of periodic medical exams from Lee County].

Morey, N. B. (1932) A study of the food habits and health of farm families in Tompkins County, New York. Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 563. Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, Ithaca, NY. [records of foods eaten in one day for each member of 518 households; detailed account of kinds of foods eaten; includes health data].

Brown, A. P. (1934) Food habits of rural school children in relation to their physical well-being. Utah Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 246. Utah State Agricultural College, Logan, UT. [work conducted in six rural communities based on periodic two-day dietary recalls, surveys, physical examinations, and medical records].

Whitacre, J. (1934) The diet of Texas school children. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 489. Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, College Station, TX. [based on eight-day food diaries kept by white, Mexican, and black second graders in three regions of the state; comparisons by season, region, race, sex, and household occupations].

McKay, H. & Patton, M. P. (1935) A study of the food habits and physical development of preschool children over a two-year period, with special reference to seasonal variation in growth. Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 549. Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station, Wooster, OH. [diets of nursery school children 19 to 40 months of age; list of specific foods eaten].

Moser, A. M. (1935) Food consumption and use of time for food work among farm families in the South Carolina Piedmont. South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 300. Clemson Agricultural College, Clemson, SC. [data for 106 white and 53 black households from five counties; includes diets, homemakers' time budgets, and sample menus].

Moser, A. M. (1935) Farm family diets in the South Carolina Piedmont. South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Circular 53. Clemson Agricultural College, Clemson, SC. [one-wk dietaries for each season for 178 white and 97 black households].

Nelson, P. M., Hoyt, E. E., McLaughlin, L. & Morgan, E. C. (1935) Food consumption habits of 145 Iowa farm families. Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 337. Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Ames, IA. [based on household record books kept between 1926 and 1929 in various parts of the state; gives average money values of foods consumed].

Cowles, M. L. (1937) Food consumption of Wisconsin relief families: survey of work or commodity relief families in the land purchase area of Forest County, Wisconsin. Wisconsin Station Stencil Bulletin. University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI. [spring and summer diets of 36 households on work relief, 31 on commodity relief, and 36 not on relief; home-produced foods noted; appendix lists quantities].

Hann, H. N. & Stiebeling, H. K. (1938) Food consumption of children at the National Child Research Center. United States Department of Agriculture Circular 481. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [data for 57 day-care children up to 71 months old; 3 to 5 d weighed intake records; list of foods consumed].

McKay, H. & Patton, M. P. (1938) Nutritional status of college women in relation to their dietary habits. pp. 108-110. In: Progress in Agricultural Research in Ohio, 1936-1937. Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station, Wooster, OH. [energy value of four freshmen's food intake for periods of 2 to 5 weeks; also frequency of food types consumed based on food record kept by 124 individuals for one week].

Moser, A. M. (1939) Farm family diets in the lower coastal plains of South Carolina. South Carolina Agriucultural Experiment Station Bulletin 319. Clemson Agricultural College, Clemson, SC. [from wk- long food records for 214 white and 183 black households; describes seasonal diets and distinguishes home-produced from purchased items; includes typical menus].

Stiebeling, H. K. & Phipard, E. F. (1939) Diets of families of employed wage earners and clerical workers in cities. USDA Circular 507. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [data from many cities collected between 1934 and 1936; excludes families on relief; relates consumption to income and makes regional comparison].

Clayton, M. M. (1940) The food habits and physical condition of children in selected communities in Maine. Maine Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 401. University of Maine, Orono, ME. [recall and one-week food records for three towns collected from 1934 through 1936; data for more than 600 children].

Britton, V. (1941) Food consumption of 538 farm and 299 village families in Vermont. Vermont Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 474. University of Vermont and State Agricultural College, Burlington, VT. [data collected in 1936 as part of Study of Consumer Purchases -- see, 1941 Stiebeling].

Anon. (1941) Preliminary findings of the Virginia Nutrition Study: first seasonal survey. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Rural Sociology Report 20. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Blacksburg, VA. [one-wk diet records for 5700 white and black school children in Danville, Roanoke, and scattered rural areas].

Stiebeling, H. K., Monroe, D., Phipard, E. F., Adelson, S. F. & Clark, F. (1941) Family food consumption and dietary levels: five regions: Consumer Purchases Study, urban and village series. USDA Miscellaneous Publication 452. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [one-wk food records for two parent, native-born households not on relief; includes blacks only in the Southeast, New York City, and Columbus, Ohio; data collected in 1935-36].

Stiebeling, H. K., Monroe, D., Coons, C. M., Phipard, E. F. & Clark, F. (1941) Family food consumption and dietary levels: five regions: Consumer Purchases Study, farm series. USDA Miscellaneous Publication 405. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [one-wk food records for two parent, native-born households not on relief; includes blacks only in the Southeast; data collected in 1935-36].

Blackstone, J. H. & Inman, B. T. (1942) Food habits of consumer groups in small towns of Alabama that affect farmers' markets. Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 252. Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Auburn, AL. [recall data for food purchased and produced reported by income group and race for three towns].

Moser, A. M. (1942) Food habits of South Carolina farm families. South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 343. Clemson Agricultural College, Clemson, SC. [compares diets of white and black households in Piedmont, Lower Coastal Plains, and Tobacco-Cotton area].

Parker, G. (1942) Nutrition of Virginia people as indicated by diets of school children. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Rural Sociology Report 34. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station. [recall data for 5th to 10th graders; includes 55 rural and 6 urban schools, both white and black children].

Anon. (1942) The Virginia Nutrition Study: a progress report. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Rural Sociology Report 22. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station. [focuses on 6th to 11th graders and adds 4700 cases to Parker's study -- see above].

Stiebeling, H. K., Adelson, S. F. & Blake, E. (1942) Low-priced milk and the consumption of dairy products among low-income families, Washington, D. C., 1940. USDA Circular 645. U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. [variables affecting participation in low price milk program].

Whitacre, J. (1942) The food supply of Texas rural families. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 642. Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, College Station, TX. [recall data for 400 white, black, and Mexican households; focuses on use of 201 food items].

McKay, H. & Patton, M. B. (1943) Food consumption of college men. Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 646. Agricultural Experiment Station, Wooster, OH. [compares food consumption in cafeteria and family style dining halls by men at Ohio State University].

Clayton, M. M. (1944) A four-year study of the food habits and physical condition of grade-school children in Newport, Maine. Maine Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 430. University of Maine, Orono, ME. [recall data and wks food records collected in Newport between 1934 and 1940; gives typical day's diet].

Moser, A. M. (1945) The food supply of rural families in the six mile area of Pickens County, 1939-40 and 1942-43. South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 360. Clemson Agricultural College, Clemson, SC. [based on recall data for 136 white households situated in the Blue Ridge Mountains].