Classification of Foods: linguistic categories, folk taxonomies, scientific typologies

Alexander D. 2000. The Geography of Italian Pasta. Professional Geographer 52(3):553-566. [food specie; pasta; classification; distribution; Europe; Italy]

Plate of SushiAnderson EN. 1987. Why Is Humoral Medicine So Popular? Social Science and Medicine 15:133-145. [folk classification; food and medicine]

Axelson ML, Brinberg D. 1989. A Social-Psychological Perspective on Food-Related Behavior. [choice; classification; psychology; methods]

Behrens C. 1986. Shipibo Food Categorization and Preference: Relationships between Indigenous and Western Dietary Concepts. American Anthropologist 88:647-657. [classification of foods; preferences; South American Indians; Peru; Shipibo]

Canesqui AM. 2007. Quality of Foods: Analysis of Some Folk Dietary Categories. Revista De Nutricao-Brazilian Journal of Nutrition 20(2):203-216. [food categories; indigenous knowledge; South America; Brazil]

Chau P, Lee H, Tseng R, et al. 1990. Deitary Habits, Health Beliefs, and Food Practices of Elderly Chinese Women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 90:579-580. [foodways; categories; United States; San Francisco area; Chinese Americans]

Currier RL. 1966. The Hot-Cold Syndrome and Symbolic Balance in Mexican and Spanish American Folk Medicine. Ethnology 5:251-263. [folk classification; medicine; Mexico; Central America]

Dournes J. 1977. Time and Menu. In The Anthropologists Cookbook. J Kuper, ed. pp. 161-164. Universe Books. [folk classification; structure; mealtimes; table manners; Southeast Asia; Vietnam; Jorai]

Foster G. 1953. Relationships between Spanish and Spanish-American Folk Medicine. Journal of American Folklore 66:210-217. [classification; medicine; Europe; Latin America; Spain]

Foster G. 1984. The Concept of Neutral in Humoral Medical Systems. Medical Anthropology 8:180-194. [folk classification; medical; Latin America]

Foster G. 1987. On the Origin of Humoral Medicine in Latin America. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 1:355-393. [folk classification; folk medicine; history; Latin America]

Hertzler A, Standal B. 1980. Classifying Cultural Food Habits and Meanings. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 82:421-425. [classification of foods; food habits; symbolic meanings; preference, selection and taste]

Hertzler A, Wenkan N, Standal B. 1991. Classifying Cultural Food Habits and Their Meanings. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 82:421-425. [classification; meaning]

Jelliffe D. 1967. Parallel Food Classification in Developing and Industrial Countries. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 20:279-281. [symbolism; scientific classification; cross-cultural]

Lander H. 1964. Seven Navaho Verbs of Eating. International Journal of American Linguistics 30:94-98. [classification; language; North America; North American Indians; Navaho]

Laudan R. 2000. Birth of the Modern Diet. Scientific American 283(2):76-81. [history; symbolic meaning; classification of foods; Europe]

Leach E. 1970. Claude Levi-Strauss. Viking. [classification of foods; structural theory and analysis; Claude Levi-Strauss]

Lehrer A. 1969. Semantic Cuisine. Journal of Linguistics 5:39-56. [linguistic categories; taxonomies; cooking]

Lehrer A. 1972. Cooking Vocabularies and the Culinary Triangle of Levi-Strauss. Anthropological Linguistics 14:155-171. [language; folk classification; cookery; structural theory]

Lehrer A. 1975. Talking About Wine. Language: Journal of the Linguistic Society of America 51:901-923. [lexicology; foodstuffs; classification]

Lehrer A. 1990. As American as Apple Pie -- and Sushi and Bagles: The Semiotics of Food and Drink. In Recent Developments in Theory and History: The Semiotic Web. T Sebeok, J Umiker-Sebeok, EP Young, eds. pp. 389-401. Mouton de Gruyter. [food names; lexicology; categories]

Lehrer A. 1992. Wine Vocabulary and Wine Description. Verbatim: The Language Quarterly 18(3):13-15. [foodstuffs; terminology; classification]

Ludman E, Newman J. 1984. Yin and Yang in the Health-Related Food Practices of Three Chinese Groups. Journal of Nutritional Education 16:3-5. [food classification; health and disease; East Asia; China]

Manderson L. 1986. Food Classification and Restriction in Peninsular Malaysia: Nature, Culture, Hot and Cold? In Shared Wealth and Symbol: Food, Culture and Society in Oceania and Southeast Asia. L Manderson, ed. Cambridge University Press. [food classification; Southeast Asia; Malaysia]

Mathews H. 1983. Context-Specific Variation in Humoral Classification. American Anthropologist 85:826-847. [food classification; humoral (hot-cold) system; North America; Mexico]]

Mazess RB. 1968. Hot-Cold Food Beliefs among Andean Peasants. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 53:109-113. [food classification; hot-cold system; South America; Andes]

Messer E. 1981. Hot-Cold Classification: Theoretical and Practical Implications of a Mexican Study. Social Science Medicine 15 B:133-145. [classification; hot-cold; Mexico]

Messer E. 1987. The Hot and Cold in Mesoamerican Indigenous and Hispanicized Thought. Social Science and Medicine 25:346-399. [food classification; hot and cold categories; Central America; Mexico; Europe]

Mkumbira J. 2003. Classification of Cassava into `Bitter' and `Cool' in Malawi: From Farmers' Perception to Characterisation by Molecular Markers. Euphytica 132(1):7-22(16). [classification; perception; cassava cultivars; cyanogenic glucosides; molecular markers; Manihot esculenta; Africa]

Morris C, Kirwan J. 2010. Food Commodities, Geographical Knowledges and the Reconnection of Production and Consumption: The Case of Naturally Embedded Food Products. Geoforum 41(1):131-143. [classification; knowledge; supply chains; relocalization; Europe; United Kingdom]

Negash A, Niehof A. 2004. The Significance of Enset Culture and Biodiversity for Rural Household Food and Livelihood Security in Southwestern Ethiopia. Agriculture and Human Values 21(1):61-71. [food specie; enset; classification; food security; Africa; Ethiopia]

Nichter M. 1985. Cultural Interpretations of the States of Malnutrition among Children: A South Indian Case Study. Medical Anthropology winter:25-48. [malnutrition; folk classification and meaning; South Asia; India]

Nichter M. 1986. Modes of Food Classification and the Diet -- Health Contingency: A South Indian Case Study. In Food, Society and Culture. RS Khare, ed. pp. 185-220-. [food classification; health; South Asia; India]

Nichter M, Nichter M. 1983. The Ethnophysiology and Folk Dietetics of Pregnancy: A Case Study from South India. Human Organization 42:235-246. [folk knowledge; folk dietetics; classification; maternal nutrition; pregnancy; South Asia; India]

Pollock NJ. 1985. The Concept of Food in Pacific Society: A Fijian Example. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 17:195-203. [food classification; Oceania; Fiji]

Pollock NJ. 1986. Food Classification in Three Pacific Societies: Fiji, Hawaii and Tahiti. Ethnology 25:107-117. [food categories; Oceania]

Pollock NJ. 1992. These Roots Remain: Food Habits in Islands of the Central and Eastern Pacific since Western Contact. Institute for Polynesian Studies. [food categories; change; Oceania; Micronesia; Polynesia]

Pool R. 1984. Food Avoidances and the Hot/Cold Syndrome: A Case-Study in Rural Gujarat, India. Universiteit van Amsterdam. [food habits; proscriptions; classification; medical anthropology; South Asia]

Reichel-Dolmatoff G. 1979. Desana Animal Categories, Food Restrictions and the Concept of Color Energies. Journal of Latin American Folklore 4:243-291. [categories; taboo; symbolic meaning; South America; Columbia; Desana]

Rizvi N. 1986. Food Categories in Bangladesh and Its Relationship to Food Beliefs and the Practices of Vulnerable Groups. In Food, Society and Culture. S Khare, M Rao, eds. Durham: Carolina Academic Press. [classification; food categories; beliefs; South Asia]

Rozin P. 2000. The Psychology of Food Choice. In The Cambridge World History of Food. KF Kiple, KC Ornelas, eds. Vol. 2, pp. 1476-1486. Cambridge University Press. [categories; preference; selection; neophobia; disgust]

Rozin P, Fallon AE. 1980. The Psychological Categorization of Foods and Non-Foods: A Preliminary Taxonomy of Food Rejections. Appetite 1:193-201-. [psychological categories; taste and preference; food avoidance]

Sen CT. 2010. Pakoras, Paneer, Pappadams: A Guide to Indian Restaurant Menus. [food categories; menu composition; North America; Indian-American cuisine]

Sukkary-Stolba S. 1987. Food Classifications and the Diets of Young Children in Rural Egypt. Social Science and Medicine 25:401-404. [food categories; infant & child nutrition; Middle East; Egypt]

Trankell IB. 1995. Cooking, Care, and Domestication: A Culinary Ethnography of the Tai Yong, Northern Thailand. Uppsala University Press. [food categories; processing; gender relations; ritual and meaing; Southeast Asia]

Wandel M. 1977. Heaty and Cooling Foods in Relation to Food Habits in a Southern Sri Lankan Community. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 14:93-104. [classification; hot-cold dichotamy; South Asia; Sri Lanka]

Wassmann J. 1993. When Actions Speak Louder Than Words: The Classification of Food among the Yupno of Papua New Guinea. Quarterly Newsletter of the Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition 15(1):30-40. [food categories; Oceania]

Watson JB. 1943. How the Hopi Classify Their Food. Plateau 15:49-52. [folk classification; North American Indian; Hopi]

Updated 10/2012