AFRICA ARCHIVE

Aborampah O. 1985. Determinants of Breast-Feeding and Post-Partum Sexual Abstinence: Analysis of a Sample of Yoruba Women, Western Nigeria. Journal of Biosocial Science 17:461-469. [infant feeding; Africa]

Almedom AM. 1991. Infant Feeding in Urban Low-Income Households in Ethiopia. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 25:97-109. [infant nutrition; Africa]

Anigbo OA. 1987. Commensality and Human Relationship among the Igbo. University of Nigeria Press. [social relations; African; Nigeria; Igbo]

Aunger R. 1994. Are Food Avoidances Maladaptive in the Ituri Forest of Zaire? Journal of Anthropological Research 50:277-310. [proscriptions; Africa]

Aunger R. 1994. Sources of Variation in Ethnographic Interview Data: Food Avoidances in the Ituri Forest. Ethnology 33(1):65-99. [food proscriptions; Africa; Zaire]

Bahuchet K. 1988. Food Supply and Uncertainty among the Alca Pygmies. In Coping with Uncertainty in Food Supply. I de Garine, G Harrison, eds. pp. 118-149. [food insecurity; hunger; Pygmies; Africa]

Bentley M, Pelto G. 1991. The Household Production of Nutrition. Social Science and Medicine 33:1101-1102. [change; household; child nutrition; Africa; Nigeria]

Bernus E. 1988. Seasonality, Climate Fluctuations, and Food Supplies. In Coping with Uncertainity in Food Supply. I de Garine, GA Harrison, eds. pp. 318-336. Oxford University Press. [change; ecology; nomadic pastoral food systems; Africa; Sahel]

Berry L, Downing TE. 1994. Drought and Famine in Africa. In The Challenge of Famine: Recent Experience, Lessons Learned. J Field, ed. pp. 35-58. Kumarian Press. [disaster; Africa]

Biassoni P, Ravera G, Bourdoux P. 1998. Influence of Dietary Habits on Thyroid Status of a Nomadic People. European Journal of Endocrinology 138(6):681-. [nutritional deficiency; Africa; Bororo]

Brenton B. 1998. Pellagra and Nutrition Policy: Lessons from the Great Irish Famine to the New South Africa. Nutritional Anthropology 22(1):1-11. [malnutrition; diet and disease; pellagra; Africa; Europe; South Africa; Mozambique; Malawi; Ireland]

Brown EP. 1991. Sex and Starvation: Famine and Three Chadian Societies. In The Political Economy of African Famine. R Downs, D Kerner, S Reyna, eds. pp. 293-321. [disaster; social class; gender; Africa; Chad]

Campbell D. 1999. Response to Drought among Farmers and Herders in Southern Kajiado District, Kenya: A Comparison of 1972-1976 and 1994-1995. Human Ecology 27(3):377-475. [food shortage;insecurity; Africa; Kenya]

Carael M. 1978. Relations between Birth Intervals and Nutrition in Three Central African Populations. In Nutrition and Human Reproduction. WH Moseley, ed. pp. 355-384. Plenum Press. [maternal nutrition; reproduction; Africa; Zaire]

Clay J, Holcomb B. 1986. Politics and the Ethiopian Famine, 1984-1985 (Cultural Survival Report). Cultural Survival. [mass starvation; Africa; Ethiopia]

Colson E. 1979. In Good Years and Bad: Food Strategies of Self-Reliant Societies. Journal of Anthropological Research 35:18-29. [famine; hunger; social relations; Africa]

Cosminsky S, Mhloyi M, Ewbank D. 1993. Child Feeding Practices in a Rural Area of Zimbabwe. Social Science and Medicine 36:937-947. [child feeding; Africa; Zimbabwe]

Cove J. 1978. Survival or Extinction: Reflections on the Problem of Famine in Tsimshian and Kaguru Mythology. In Extinction and Survival in Human Populations. C Laughlin, I Brady, eds. pp. 231-244. Columbia University Press. [starvation; mythology; North American Indian; Africa; Tsimshian; Kuguru]

Curran HV. 1994. Nigerian Children: Developmental Perspectives. Routledge & Kegan Paul. [collected essays; infant feeding; nutrition; Africa]

Curry J. 1989. Occupation and Drought Vulnerability: Case Studies from a Village in Niger. In African Food Systems in Crisis, Part One: Microperspectives. R Huss-Ashmore, S Katz, eds. pp. 230-260. Gordon and Breach. [drought and hunger; malnutrition; Africa; Niger]

Davies-Adetaghs AA. 1997. Sociocultural Factors and the Promotion of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Rual Yoruba Communities of Osun State Nigeria. Social Science and Medicine 45:113-125. [infant nursing; Africa]

de Garine I. 1976. Food, Tradition and Prestige. In Food, Nutrition, and Evolution: Food as an Environmental Factor in the Genesis of Human Variability. D Walcher, ed. pp. 151-173. [social relations; prestige; Africa]

de Garine I. 1991. Seasonal Food Shortage, Famine and Socio-Economic Change among the Massa and Mussey of Northern Cameroon. In Famine and Food Security in Africa and Asia: Indigenous Responses and External Intervention to Avoid Hunger. HG Bohle, T Canon, G Hugo, et al, eds. pp. 83-99. [starvation; hunger; development; Africa; Cameroon]

de Garine I. 1996. Food and the Status Quest in Five African Cultures. In Food and the Status Quest. P Wiessner, W Schiefenhovel, eds. pp. 193-217. Berghahn. [social relations; Africa; Cameroon; Massa; Mussey; Koma; Yassa; Mvae]

de Garine I. 1997. Food Preferences and Taste in an African Perspective: A Word of Caution. In Food Preferences and Taste. H Macbeth, ed. pp. 187-207. Berghahn. [cultural affects on food choice; Africa; Cameroon; Massa; Muzey; Yassa; Mvae]

den Hartog AP. 1973. The Use of Rodents as Food in Tropical Africa. Fao Nutrition Newsletter 11(2):1-14. [foodstuffs; mice; rats; Africa]

den Hartog AP. 1974. Tropical Africa. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. [bibliography; Africa]

Dettwyler K. 1993. Dancing Skeletons: Life and Death in West Africa. Waveland. [nutritional anthropology; childhood nutrition; nutritional status; ethnography; Africa; Mali; Bambara]

Dettwyler KA. 1991. Growth Status of Children in Rural Mali: Implications of for Nutrition Education Programs. American Journal of Human Biology 3:447-462. [child nutrition; growth status; nutritional education; Africa; Mali]

Dettwyler KA. 1992. The Biocultural Approach in Nutritional Anthropology: Case Studies of Malnutrition in Mali. Medical Anthropology 15:17-39. [biocultural anthropology; nutritional anthropology; diet and disease; Africa; Mali]

Dirks R. 1989. Famine, Hunger Seasons, and Relief-Induced Agonism. In African Food Systems in Crisis, Part One: Microperspectives. R Huss-Ashmore, S Katz, eds. pp. 295-302. New York: Gordon and Breach. [seasonal starvation; relief-induced agonism; rituals of conflict; Africa]

Downs RE, Kerner D, Reyna S. 1991. The Political Economy of African Famine. Gordon and Breach. [history; mass starvation; political economy; international relations; development; Africa]

Dyson-Hudson R, Dyson-Hudson N. 1969. Subsistence Herding in Uganda. Scientific American 220(2):76-89. [ecology; pastoralists; Africa; Uganda]

Feldman-Savelsberg P. 1999. Plundered Kitchens, Empty Wombs : Threatened Reproduction and Identity in the Cameroon Grassfields. University of Michigan Press. [food symbols; gender identity; Africa; Cameroon; Bangangté]

Feyisetan BJ. 1990. Postpartum Sexual Abstinence, Breastfeeding, and Child Spacing among Yoruba Women in Urban Nigeria. Social Biology 37:110-127. [infant feeding; contraception; Africa]

Fleuret P, Fleuret A. 1980. Nutritional Implications of Staple Food Crop Successions in Usambara, Tanzania. Human Ecology 8:311-327. [ecology; Africa; Tanzania; Usambara Mountains]

Flueret P, Flueret A. 1980. Nutrition, Consumption, and Agricultural Change. Human Organization 39:250-260. [change; nutritional effects; Africa]

Flynn KC. 1999. Food, Gender, and Survival among Street Adults in Mwanza, Tanzania. Food and Foodways 8(3):175-201. [hunger; poverty; homeless; social relations; Africa]

Fortes M, Fortes SL. 1936. Food in the Domestic Economy of the Tallensi. Africa 9:237-276. [social relations; family; household; food habits; Africa; Tallensi]

Franke R, Chasin B. 1980. Seeds of Famine: Ecological Destruction and the Development Dilemma in the West African Sahel. Osmun Publishers. [mass starvation; ecology; Africa; Western Sahel]

Fratkin E, Roth EA, Nathan M. 1999. When Nomads Settle: The Effects of Commoditization, Nutritional Change, and Formal Education on Ariaal and Rendille Pastoralists. Current Anthropology 40(5):729-735. [sedentarization; dietary change; nomads; East Africa; Kenya; Ariaal; Rendille]

Galvin KA, Coppock DL, Leslie PW. 1994. Diet, Nutrition, and Pastoral Strategy. In African Pastoralist Systems: An Integrated Approach. E Fratkin, KA Galvin, EA Roth, eds. pp. 113-131. Lynne Rienner. [ecology; nutritional status; Africa; Kenya; Ethiopia; Turkana; Borana]

Glantz M. 1987. Drought and Hunger in Africa. [famine; undernutrition; Africa]

Gray S. 1996. Ecology of Weaning among Nomadic Pastoralists of Kenya: Maternal Thinking, Maternal Behaviour, and Human Adaptive Strategies. Human Biology 68:437-462. [infant feeding; food systems; Africa]

Gray SJ. 1995. Correlates of Breastfeeding Frequency among Nomadic Pastoralists of Turkana, Kenya: A Retrospective Study. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 98:239-255. [infant feeding; Africa]

Guyer J. 1987. Feeding African Cities: Studies in Regional Social History. Indiana University Press. [food system; urban markets; supply; Africa]

Hansen A. 1986. Coping with Famine, Drought, and War in Sub-Saharan Africa: Natural Disasters and Cultural Responses. Studies in Third World Societies 36:227-254. [poverty; disaster; mass starvation; indigenous coping strategies; social responses; Africa]

Harlan JR, de Wet JMJ, Stemler ABL. 1976. Origins of African Plant Domestication. [collected essays; origins of agriculture; Africa]

Howard M. 1994. Socio-Economic Causes and Cultural Explanations of Childhood Malnutrition among the Chagga of Tanzania. Social Science and Medicine 38(2):239-251. [malnutrition; children; Africa; Tanzania; Chagga]

Howard M, Millard A. 1997. Hunger and Shame: Child Malnutrition and Poverty on Mount Kilimanjaro. Routledge. [child malnutrition; poverty; social relations; Africa; Tanzania; Chagga]

Hudelson P, Dzikuna H, Kirkwood B. 1999. Dietary Patterns in a Rural Area of Ghana and Their Relevance for Vitamin a Consumption. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 38(2):183-. [dietary; vitamin A; Africa; Ghana]

Hunter J. 1973. Geophagy in Africa and the U S : A Culture-Nutrition Hypothesis. Geography Review 1973:171-195. [disease; geophagy; dirt-eating; Africa; North America; United States]

Huss-Ashmore R. 1996. Livestock, Nutrition, and Intrahousehold Resource Control in Uasin Gishu District, Kenya. Human Ecology 24(2):191-213-. [ecology; intrahousehold food allocation (distribution); Africa; Kenya]

Huss-Ashmore R, Katz S. 1989. African Food Systems in Crisis, Part One: Microperspectives. Gordon and Breach. [famine; disaster; seasonal hunger; ecology; social relations; Africa]

Huss-Ashmore R, Katz S. 1991. African Food Systems in Crisis, Part Two: Contending with Change. Gordon and Breach. [famine; disaster; seasonal hunger; ecology; social relations; Africa]

Ikpe EB. 1994. Food and Society in Nigeria: A History of Food Customs, Food Economy, and Culture Change, 1900-1989. Franz Steiner Verlag. [modernization; Africa]

Jackson FLC. 1992. Cassava (Manihot Esculenta) in Liberia: History, Geography, Traditional Processing and Cyanogenic Acid Levels. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 28:227-242. [food use; manioc; Africa; Liberia]

Jardine C. 1967. List of Foods Used in Africa. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. [foodstuffs]

Jarosz LA. 1993. Liberian Practices in Feeding Infants Water, Breastmilk and First Food. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 30(221):240-. [infant feeding; Africa]

Jenike M. 1995. Variation in Body Fat and Muscle Mass: Responses to Seasonal Hunger among Tropical Horticulturalists, Zaire. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 1995:227-249. [seasonal hunger; physical responses; Africa; Zaire (Congo)]

Jones WO. 1959. Manioc in Africa. Stanford University Press. [food use; cassava; Africa]

Kigutha H, Staveren van W, Hautvast J. 1998. Elderly under Nutritional Stress: A Seasonal Study on Food Consumption and Nutritional Status in Kenya. Internation Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 49:423-433. [season hunger; Africa; Kenya]

Knutson KE, Selinus R. 1970. Fasting in Ethiopia: An Anthropological and Nutritional Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 23:956-969. [fasting; Africa; Ethiopia]

Kolata G. 1974. !Kung Hunter-Gatherers: Feminism, Diet, and Birth Control. Science 185:932-934. [dietary pattern; women; maternal nutrition; reproduction; hunter-gatherers; Africa; Kung]

Kotler NG. 1992. Frontiers of Nutrition and Food Security in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Smithsonian Institution Press. [collected essays; world hunger]

Kugutha H, Wija A, Hautvast JGAJ. 1998. Effects of Seasonality on Household Food Availability among Smallholder Rural Households in Kenya: Impact of Land Size, Household Size, and Composition. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 37(1):73-. [seasonal hunger; Africa; Kenya]

Kumar S, Siandwazi C. 1994. Maize in Zambia: Effects of Technological Change on Food Consumption and Nutrition. In Agricultural Commercialization, Economic Development, and Nutrition. Jv Braun, E Kennedy, eds. pp. 295-308. [change and development; food use; Africa; Zambia]

Laughlin C, Jr. 1978. Adaptation and Exchange in So: A Diachronic Study of Deprivation. In Extinction and Survival in Human Populations. C Laughlin, Jr., I Brady, eds. pp. 76-94. Columbia University Press. [social relations; disaster; hunger; economic exchange; Africa; Uganda; So]

Lawrence M, Singh J, Lawrence F, et al. 1985. The Energy Cost of Common Daily Activities in African Women: Increased Expenditure in Pregancy? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 42:753-763. [physiology; energy expenditure; women; pregnancy; Africa]

Lee R. 1968. What Hunters Do for a Living, or How to Make out on Scarce Resources. In Man the Hunter. R Lee, I DeVore, eds. pp. 30-48. Aldine. [ecology; Africa; !Kung]

Lee R. 1969. Eating Christmas in the Kalahari. Natural History 78(10):14-22. [social relations; food giving; sharing; Africa; Kung San]

Lee R. 1969. Kung Bushman Subsistence: An Input-Output Analysis. In Environment and Cultural Behavior. AP Vayda, ed. pp. 47-79. Natural History Press. [ecology; dietary patterns; Africa; Kalahari Desert]

Lee R. 1973. Monogongo: The Ethnography of a Major Wild Food Resource. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 3:89-105. [ecology; foodstuffs; nuts; Africa;
!Kung]

Lee R. 1979. The !Kung San: Men, Women, and Work in a Foraging Society. Cambridge University Press. [ecology; diet patterns; Africa; Kalahari Desert]

Lentz C, ed. 1998. Changing Food Habits: Case Studies from Africa, South America, and Europe. Gordon and Breach. [collected papers; change; Africa; South America; Europe]

Lewicki T. 1974. West African Food in the Middle Ages: According to Arabic Sources. [history; Africa]

Little MA, Galvin K, Leslie PW. 1988. Health and Energy Requirements of Nomadic Turkana Pastoralists. In Coping with Uncertainty in Food Supply. I de Garine, G Harrison, eds. pp. 290-317. Oxford University Press. [nutritional need; caloric requirements; Africa; Turkana]

Mackintosh M. 1989. Gender, Class, and Rural Transition: Agribusiness and the Food Crisis in Senegal. Zed Books. [hunger; gender relations; development; agribusiness; Africa; Senegal]

Manda SOM. 1999. Birth Intervals, Breastfeeding, and Determinants of Childhood Mortality in Malawi. Social Science and Medicine 48:301-312. [infant feeding; Africa]

Mann GV. 1963. Diet and Disease among the Milk and Meat Eating Masai Warriors of Tanganyika. Food and Nutrition 34:104-. [meat eating; Africa; Masai]

Marshall L. 1961. Sharing, Talking, and Giving: Relief of Social Tensions among Kung Bushmen. Africa 31:231-249. [social relations; sharing; giving; Africa; Kung San]

McAlpin M. 1987. Famine Relief Policy in India: Six Lessons for Africa. [famine; relief; government policy; South Asia; Africa]

McCullough A, Kirksey A, Wachs TD. 1990. Vitamin B Status of Egyptian Mothers: Relation to Infant Behavior and and Maternal-Infant Interaction. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 51:108-. [nutritional status; mother-infant behavior; social interaction; Africa; Egypt]

McMillan DE, ed. 1991. Anthropology and Food Policy: Human Dimensions of Food Policy in Africa and Latin America. University of Georgia Press. [nutrition; applied anthropology]

Mellor JW, Gavian S. 1987. Famine: Causes, Prevention, and Relief. Science 235(4788):539-545. [food shortage; Africa]

Milton K. 1985. Ecological Foundations for Subsistence Strategies among the Mbuti Pygmies. Human Ecology 12:71-78. [ecology; food procurement; Africa; Congo; Mbuti Pygmies]

Miracle M. 1961. "Seasonal Hunger:" A Vague Concept and an Unexplored Problem. Bulletin De L'ifan 23 (Series B):173-. [undernutrition; Africa]

Munroe R, Munroe R, Nerlove S, et al. 1969. Effects of Population Density on Food Concerns in Three East African Societies. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 10(3):161-171. [symbolic meaning; expressive culture (stories, dreams, etc ); population density; hunger; Logoli; Gusii; Kipsigis; East Africa]

Netting R. 1986. Cultural Ecology. Waveland. [ecology; subsistance systems; Africa (Kung San, East African Pastoralists); North America (Northwest Coast Indians); Europe (Swiss)]

Newton-Fisher NE. 1999. The Diet of Chimpanzees in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 37(3):344-354(311). [non-human primates; chimpanzee; Pan troglodytes; seasonality]

Nurse GT. 1975. Seasonal Hunger among the Ngoni and Ntumba of Central Malawi. Africa 45(1):1-11. [seasonal starvation; Africa; Malawi; Ngoni; Ntumba]

Odebiyi A. 1989. Food Taboos in Maternal and Child Health: The Views of Traditional Healers in Ile-Ife Nigeria. Social Science and Medicine 28:985-996. [taboos; child health; Africa; Nigeria]

Ogbu J. 1973. Seasonal Hunger in Tropical Africa as a Cultural Phenomenon. Africa 43(4):317-332. [seasonal hunger; meaning; Africa]

Oguntona CRB, Razaq MA, Akintola TT. 1998. Pattern of Dietary Intake and Consumption of Street Foods among Nigerian Students. Nutrition and Health 12:247-256. [nutritional intake; food use; students; Africa; Nigeria]

Ojofeitimi EO, Tanimowo CM. 1980. Nutritional Beliefs among Pregnant Nigerian Women. International Journal Gynaecology and Obstetrics 18:66-69. [foodways; beliefs; Africa; Nigeria]

Okere LC. 1983. The Anthropology of Food in Rural Igboland, Nigeria. University Press of America. [food habits; Africa; Nigeria; Igbo]

O'Laughlin B. 1974. Mediation of Contradiction: Why Mbum Women Do Not Eat Chicken. In Women, Culture, and Society. M Rosaldo, L Lamphere, eds. [taboo; symbolism; women; Africa; Mbum]

Oni G, Brown K. 1988. Force Feeding: A Traditional Feeding Practice of Infants and Young Children in Kwara State Nigeria. In Toward More Efficacy in Child Survival Strategies. I Sirogeldin, W Mosley, eds. The Johns Hopkins University Press. [food habits; infant and child feeding practices; Africa; Nigeria]

Orwell S, Clayton D, Douglas AE. 1984. Infant Feeding in Nigeria. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 15:129-141. [infant feeding; Africa; Nigeria]

Pankhurst R. 1966. The Great Ethiopian Famine of 1888-1892. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences 21(2 and 3):95-124, 271-194-. [famine; Ethiopia; Africa]

Paque C. 1984. Infant Salt Taboos in Morocco. Current Anthropology 25:237-238. [infant feeding; food taboo; Africa; Morocco]

Parker S. 1995. Body Image and Weight Concerns among African American and White Adolescent Females: Differences That Make a Difference. Human Organization 54:103-114. [body image; weight; North America; United States]

Pi J, Groves C. 1972. The Importance of Higher Primates in the Diet of the Fang of Rio Muni. Man 7:238-244. [food use; ape meat; Africa; Fang]

Quandt SA, Ritenbaugh C. 1986. Training Manual in Nutritional Anthropology. American Anthropological Association. [nutritional anthropology; methods; regional surveys; East Africa; Middle East; Bangladesh; Amazonia; North America]

Quinn PJ. 1959. Food and Feeding Habits of the Pedi: With Special Reference to Identification, Classification, Preparation and Nutritional Value. Witwatersrand University Press. [food habits; Africa; South Africa; Pedi]

Rau B. 1990. From Feast to Famine: Official Cures and Grassroots Remedies to Africa Food Crisis. [famine; hunger; Africa]

Richards A. 1939. Land, Labour and Diet in Northern Rhodesia. Lit Verlag. [social relations, diet, food habits; Africa; Bemba]

Richards A. 1948. Hunger and Work in a Savage Tribe. Routledge. [social relations; food habits; Africa; Bantu-speaking tribes]

Richards A, Widdowson E. 1936. A Dietary Study in Northeastern Rhodesia. Africa 9:166-196. [dietary patterns; Africa; Bemba]

Salvador ML. 1987. Food for the Holy Ghost: Ritual Exchange in Azorean Festivals. In Time out of Time: Essays on the Festival. A Falassi, ed. pp. 244-260. University of New Mexico Press. [food in ritual; festival; religion; symbol and meaning; Europe; Africa; Azores]

Schmitt E, Graebner W. 1991. Sukumawiki: Food and Drink in the Nairobi Novels of Meja Mwangi. In Popular Culture in East Africa. W Graebner, ed. pp. 133-151. Rodopi. [foodways; Africa]

Shack D. 1969. Nutritional Processes and Personality Development among the Gurage of Ethiopia. Ethnology 8(3):292-300. [social relations; childrearing; personality; Africa; Ethiopia; Gurage]

Shack W. 1971. Hunger, Anxiety and Ritual: Deprivation and Spirit Possession among the Gurage of Ethiopia. Man 6:30-43. [hunger; culture and personality; ritual; religion; Africa; Ethiopia; Gurage]

Sheehan E. 1993. In the Heart of Somalia. The New York Review of Books XL(1-2):38-53. [famine; Africa; Somalia, 1992-93]

Shellie-Dessert K, Hosfield GL. 1990. Implications of Genetic Variability for Dry Bean Cooking Time and Novel Cooking Methods for Fuelwood Conservation in Rwanda. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 24:195-211. [food processing; legumes; cookery; ecology; Africa; Rwanda]

Shipton P. 1990. African Famines and Food Security: Anthropological Perspectives. Annual Review of Anthropology 19:353-394. [famine; Africa]

Shofield S. 1974. Seasonal Factors Affecting Nutrition in Different Age Groups and Especially Pre-School Children. Journal of Development Studies 11(1):22-40. [seasonal hunger; Africa]

Sih A, Milton K. 1985. Optimal Diet Theory: Should The !Kung Eat Mongongos? American Anthropologist 87:395-401. [ecology; foodstuffs; Africa; Namibia; South Africa; !Kung San]

Simoons F. 1974. Rejection of Fish as Human Food in Africa: A Problem in History and Ecology. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 3:89-105. [food taboo; fish; Africa]

Snow LF. 1993. Walkin' over Medicine. Westview. [foodways; food-related beliefs; folk medicine; North America; United States; African-Americans]

Spivey D. 1999. The Pepper, Cracklings, and Knots of Wool Cookbook: The Global Migration of African Cuisine. University of New York Press. [history; disaspora; Africa]

Sukkary-Stolba S. 1989. Indigenous Institutions and Adaptation to Famine: The Case of the Western Sudan. In African Food Systems in Crisis Part One: Microperspectives. R Huss-Ashmore, S Katz, eds. pp. 281-294-. Gordon and Breach. [famine; cultural adaptations; Africa; Sudan]

Tonglet R. 1999. How Useful Are Anthropometric, Clinical and Dietary Measurements of Nutritional Status as Predictors of Morbidity of Young Children in Central Africa. Tropical Medicine International Health 4(2):120-130(111). [research method; prognostic value; growth; morbidity; children; Africa]

Trant H. 1954. Food Taboos in East Africa. Lancet 8:703-705. [food taboos; East Africa]

Tripp R. 1982. Farmers and Traders, Some Economic Determinants of Nutritional Status in North Ghana. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 8:3-11. [nutritional status; economy; Africa; Ghana]

Turnbull C. 1972. The Mountain People. Simon and Schuster. [famine; social relations; Africa; Uganda; Ik]

Turnbull C. 1978. Rethinking the Ik: A Functional Non-Social System. In Extinction and Survival in Human Populations. C Laughlin, I Brady, eds. pp. 49-75. Columbia University Press. [famine; social relations; Africa; Uganda; Ik]

Vaughan M. 1987. The Story of an African Famine: Gender and Famine in Twentieth-Century Malawi. Cambridge University Press. [famine; Africa; Malawi]

Vermeer DE. 1971. Geophagy among the Ewe of Ghana. Ethnology 10:56-72. [food habits; geophagy (dirt-eating); health; disease; Africa; Ghana; Ewe]

Vermeer DE, Ferrell RE, Jr. 1985. Nigerian Geophagical Clay: A Tradition Antidiarrheal Pharmaceutical. Science 227:364-366. [food habits; geophagy (dirt-eating); disease; diarrhea; Africa; Nigeria]

Waldemann E. 1973. Seasonal Variations in Malnutrition in Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 67:431-. [seasonal hunger; malnutrition; Africa]

Watts M. 1983. Silent Violence: Food, Famine and Peasantry in Northern Nigeria. University of California Press. [famine; Africa; Nigeria]

Webb P, Habtu Y. 1994. Famine in Africa. National Geographic Research and Exploration 10:158-171. [famine; Africa]

Webb P, von Braun J. 1994. Famine and Food Security in Ethiopia: Lessons for Africa. John Wiley. [famine; Africa; Ethiopia]

Webb P, von Braun J, Yohannes Y. 1992. Famine in Ethiopia: Policy Implications of Coping Failure at National and Household Levels. International Food Policy Research Institute. [famine; political policy; Africa; Ethiopia]

Whittemore RD, Beverly EA. 1996. Mandinka Mothers and Nurslings: Power and Reproduction. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 10(1):45-62. [infant feeding; Africa]

Wilmsen E. 1978. Seasonal Effects of Dietary Intake on Kalahari San. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Proceedings 37:65-72. [dietary intake; food system; ecology; South Africa; Kalahari Desert; San]

Wilmsen E. 1982. Studies in Diet, Nutrition, and Fertility among a Group of Kalahari Buhmen in Botswana. Social Science Information 21:95-125. [diet; nutrition; fertility; Africa; Botswana; San]

Young H, Jaspars S. 1995. Nutrition Matters: People, Food, and Famine. Intermediate Technology Publications. [famine; nutritional stress; Africa; Sudan; Darfur]

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